Parks in Barcelona
Parks in Barcelona
Parc de Montjuïc
Montjuïc is a hill in Barcelona which is located at the foot of Mediterranean Sea. Although its origin dates back to 17th century to the construction of Montjuïc Castle, the most important development of this hill took place at the beginning of the last century, when Barcelona celebrated the 1929 International Exposition. However, at the end of the century, the hill was the protagonist again of another celebration, in this case the 1992 Summer Olympic Games.
Due to those two events, Parc de Montjuïc is nowadays one of the most important parks in Barcelona because you can visit a lot of gardens, viewpoints, museums and buildings. There are many things to do in Montjuïc, so you should spend one full day in this park.
Palau Nacional. The Palau Nacional –National Palace– was built between 1926 and 1929 for the 1929 International Exposition. This palace is a huge construction with 32.000 m² and was designed in neo-renaissance and classic style by Eugenio Cendoya and Enric Catà. Once the International Exposition finished, the Palau Nacional was made into the National Art Museum of Catalonia (MNAC), whose exhibition covers the period from Romanesque to the present.
Poble Espanyol. Translating into “Spanish town”, this zone was also built for the 1929 International Exposition. It is an open-air museum which recreates a Spanish village with 117 full-scale buildings of different parts of the country. In addition, there is a museum of contemporary art, a theatre, some restaurants and two nightclubs.
Magic Fountain of Montjuïc. The fountain was designed by the architect Carles Buïga for the International Exposition. In the 1980’s, music was incorporated to the light show. Visiting this magic fountain is an incredible spectacle for the end of your day in Montjuïc.
Montjuïc Cable Car. You can enjoy Barcelona from the sky thanks to the Montjuïc Cable Car. It is a fantastic experience to enjoy beautiful panoramic views of the city.
One of the most important works designed by Antonio Gaudí was Park Güell, which belong to the list of UNESCO World Heritage Sites. This park is located in the upper part of the city, so you will be able to take some picture of Barcelona as the panoramic is absolutely beautiful. Modernist architecture and nature mix in a unique space.
Park Güell was built between 1900 and 1914 however was officially opened to the public in 1926. Nowadays, Park Güell is Barcelona’s most famous park. This exceptional park has 17 hectares and it is divided in different parts. Probably, the dragon and the staircase is the most photographed attraction in this zone. In fact, the dragon, which many people believe is a lizard or salamander, is the little symbol of Barcelona.
Another interesting part of Park Güell is “Turó de les tres creus” - the highest point of the zone. Although Gaudí wanted to build a chapel here, it was not possible because prehistoric remains were found here. You can enjoy the impressive view of the park and Barcelona from this area and take the typical photo that all tourists try to look for.
Parc de la Ciutadella
Another interesting park in Barcelona is Parc de la Ciutadella, located in the old part of the city. This green space was built at the end of the 19th century and in 1888 the park became the site of the International Exposition. It´s design is very similar to Luxembourg Gardens in Paris.
Parc de la Ciutadella is the biggest park of the city after Montjuïc. It´s 280.000 m2 (70 acres) includes two museums, one church, the Barcelona Zoo, one lake and the Palace of the Parliament of Catalonia. Moreover, this park is a must for nature lovers because it has over 100 botanical species, which you can discover while you contemplate a very interesting collection of sculptures located in different parts of the park.
Walking around the park you should not miss the Monumental Waterfall - the fountain of the park located in the north area and one of the most photographed points of Parc de la Ciutadella. It is a neoclassic monument designed by Josep Fontserè and built between 1875 and 1888. Additionally, there is a lake near the waterfall with rowing boats, another thing you can do in this park.
Romantic parks in Barcelona
Like Paris or Rome, Barcelona is also a romantic city. There are many places you can enjoy with your partner such as Parc del Laberint d'Horta and Parc de Cervantes. Both parks are the perfect places for surprising a special person in your life.
Parc del Laberint d'Horta
This park is one of the most important of the city because it preserves Barcelona’s oldest garden. Parc del Laberint d'Horta, which is located outside the city centre, was built at the end of 18th century by the Italian engineer Domenico Bagutti. This green tourist attraction has an area of 55 hectares and was designed as a neoclassic garden but finally became a romantic park thanks to the forest which surrounds it and the mythological sculptures that decorate different points of the park. The main attraction is it´s labyrinth which gives the name. You can also visit “Torre Sobirana”, an old medieval defence tower.
Parc de Cervantes
This park is located in Diagonal Avenue and is a must for people who love roses - the most romantic flower from the nature. Parc de Cervantes preserves the biggest rose garden of the city with over 10.000 rose bushes and 2.000 different kinds of species. The perfect moment to visit this romantic place is between May and June because they are the months when the roses bloom (approximately 150.000 flowers).
Other parks in Barcelona
Although Güell, Ciutadella or Montjuïc are the most well-known parks in Barcelona, there are other several green spaces in the city that you can visit. If you want discover the Mediterranean vegetation, you must visit the L'Oreneta, Guineueta and Turó de la Peira parks. Furthermore, Parc de l'Estació del Nord and Parc del Clot are two parks where the visit is really fascinating as they were built around industrial and railway areas.
If you are a nature lover and you plan to visit Madrid, we recommend you visit our section with Madrid's top parks